Artificial intelligence (AI) is here to stay, not just to stay but to rule, in the times to come. Its going to be a major game changer and a huge disruptor in every arena of human life - health care, politics, education, defense , legal and executive systems et al. If the experts take is to be believed then while it aims to make human life easier and happier, it has all the potential to be diabolic , self-perpetuating and self serving. According to some , it may prove to be a new techno-demon unleashed to make human lives complicated with its infinite capabilities to erode democracy , trust and civil liberties . So, when Elon Musk says “AI is far more dangerous than nukes, ” it needs to be taken seriously . Stephen Hawking had similar views when he told an audience in Portugal that AI’s impact could be cataclysmic unless its rapid development is strictly and ethically controlled. “Unless we learn how to prepare for, and avoid, the potential risks…AI could be the worst event in the history of our civilization,” he warned. Research fellow Stuart Armstrong from the Future of Life Institute terms AI as an “extinction risk” were it to go rogue. Even Nuclear war has relatively lesser risk because it would “kill only a relatively small proportion of the planet. “If AI went bad, and 95 percent of humans were killed,” according to him . There are already signs on the horizon when AI has showed utmost bias towards people of colour or aged . Therefore , there is an immediate need for the governments to come up with an all-encompassing Policy and Regulatory Framework aimed at building an enabling and flourishing echo system towards cultivating and harnessing a responsive and ethical AI. And the time starts now .

IP issues in ToT absorption and leveraging same

Reason behind our failure to leverage ToT to make our own weapon system.

Use of Space Technology as a force multiplier for improving Border Management.

How to make coordination amongst stakeholders effective to improve Border Management?

We visualize any country through the boundaries it has. As it happens, several times, there are differences on boundary delineation with country on other side. These issues are usually legacy issues. Notwithstanding these differences, India has been managing the borders affairs thus preventing matters to precipitate. The Border management is done both internally within India as well externally with the neighbor on other side. In external management of Border we have mechanisms to engage with the respective neighbor.

Our Ambassador to China in his virtual address at MP-IDSA and Sichuan University Virtual Dialogue on 23rd Sept 2021 --( has made distinction between resolving boundary demarcation and   managing border affairs on daily basis. He further states that China has  tried to blur this sacred distinction and thus break the rules.

The address also deliberates on other macro issues thus developing very accurate and realistic perspectives of complete architecture of our relations and engagements with China.



The term 'Border Management' has been often used loosely and casually. However the subject of  BM per say is very critical as it encompasses several areas of national importance like border security, people residing at the borders etc.

BM is a comprehensive term signifying the inclusiveness of all issues into this terminology.

Its sum total of all relevant issues.

As there are several stakeholders in BM  it is all the more important to take up study of the comprehensive subject. All concerned must have the same broad understanding of the subject then only the issues of BM could be better understood.

What are the problems observed in defence production setup in India?

The necessity of Think Tank in the space of ToT and BM is need of the hour. If we see the Policy making structure there is nothing specifically dedicated to these two fields. The article by Sanya Dhingra and Nayanima Basu published in The Print dated 21st July 2021, has very aptly brought out the growing role and necessity of Think Tanks and how it can fill the voids in our knowledge gaps specially seen in keeping pace with fast paced developments in all spheres.

There is lack of comprehensive policy in these fields. The specialisation is increasing day by day due to rapid technological advances and technological leapfrogging in these areas like New age Technologies, smarter and bolder methods of Border violations and crimes, continuously evolving and improving capabilities of our adversaries, better material Technologies etc.

The present policy ( at the macro and micro levels) framework is not sufficient to enable us to meet the new challenges effectively. More specific insights are required into issues of relevance. The present system of handling actions in these fields needs to be strengthened through specialized policy inputs. Nothing is more self explanatory in this regards than the Quote from the linked article –"However, a number of factors, including India’s expanding global footprint, the need for specialization in governance, the acknowledgement that career bureaucracy may not have answers to complex 21st-century governance questions, and the private sector taking baby steps into this growing business of ideas, have come together to particularly stoke their rise in the last decade or so”.

It is in this perspective the SAPI would endeavor to create awareness and sensitise relevant stakeholders to work in these two areas in comprehensive, cohesive and focused manner.

Created By Akshay Kharade At Widespread Solutions

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